Psychology of the Individual and Society – Nietzsche and Freud Ideas


Both Nietzsche and Freud present a psychology of the individual along with an understanding of the relation of the individual to society.

Examine a few key ideas that show Freud’s understanding of the mind and his understanding of the relation of the individual to society relying on Introductory Lectures On Psychoanalysis and Civilization and Its Discontents.

Do the same with Nietzsche with reference to a maximum of three aphorisms from The Gay Science.

Establish a conclusion that presents an integration of both authors in an understanding of how the relation of mind and social order leads to a critique of society.
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Psychology of the Individual and Society

Friedrich Nietzsche and Sigmund Freud have both made important contributions to the understanding of an individual and his relationship with the society. They both argue on how individuals think and how the mind causes them to behave in certain ways that influence them to behave in certain ways, in their relationship with other people. Sigmund Freud addresses these issues through Psychoanalysis and Civilization and its Discontents while Nietzsche addresses these issues in The Gay Science through aphorisms.

Sigmund Freud is best understood for his theories of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanisms of repression. Despite the fact that there are certain ideas brought up by Freud that have been refuted, there are two related but distinct issues that are influential in understanding an individual and his relation to the society. Freud developed a theory of the organization of the human mind and the internal operations that go on in the mind. Secondly, he theorized that human behavior is conditioned and is a consequence of how the mind is organized. These theories help in the understanding of individuals because they help reveal the information about one’s thoughts (Freud 12).

In Civilization and its Discontents, Freud makes a comparison between psychoanalysis and other accepted scientific theories. Through Civilization and its Discontents, Freud describes that human beings are made of three parts that include ego, super-ego and the id. He states that these three parts fight over one another to rule a human being. However, a human being must get these three parts to work in harmony and live in a state of equilibrium…….

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