Morals, Will and Freedom


In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant examines the will and presents his argument for how the will is free. In the plays Oedipus Rex and Hamlet we see the central characters caught in situations which they would not choose willingly. Their responses indicate very different understandings of human action, ultimately leading to very different notions of the human condition. Following from Kant’s understanding of the will show how these plays lead us to an understanding of how the will may act in freedom.
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Kant highlights important arguments regarding the concept of Will and individual’s freedom. The philosopher’s work indicates that the Will assumes diverse dimensions under different contexts. He argues that each person has a “rational free Will” and everyone has the potential of identifying three components of morality, which includes the immortality, God and freedom (Kant 3). Interestingly, individuals assume actions that are informed by these three pillars. Furthermore, the philosopher emphasizes that each intended action is resolute and selected by its commissioner. Kant believes that no any situation despite its severity can oblige a person to ignore the three moral virtues unless one accepts to do so. However, he observes that the three pillars of morality are capable of creating situations capable of affecting one’s Will considerably (Kant 49). Individuals in the plays, the Hamlet and Oedipus Rex are trapped in downgrading situations out of their choice. Examining the situations presented by kings Hamlet and Oedipus in the context of Kant’s concept of Will can unable one describe the phenomenon that may characterize “Will” in freedom…..

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