MINI PROJECT ON CHOLERA

Instructions

A mini project cholera a target group (cholera between children under 6 years)

This is a mini project that leads to the production of a proposal for an environmental health /public health intervention that will control, mitigate or eliminate the impacts of an identified stressor. (This must NOT be UK based)
Your proposal will be in the form of a report that is evidence based. It will need to include the following:
� Identify a specific stressor that you can demonstrate has an impact on health and wellbeing in a global context (You might want to look at a specific issue in a specific country
� Draw for the life cycle with explanation
� Identify a target group (This could be a vulnerable group or a community but you need to be able to justify the target group selection based on health need information)
� Worldwide Public Health Significance of cholera in 2010 or 2011 or 2012 (up to you )
� A map of the distribution of cases in the world with a brief explanation of the distribution of cases.
� A graph with the number of cases around the world (updated) with a brief explanation of the data.
� Outline the intervention strategy  Primary , Secondary , Tertiary with your justification for its use (Your strategy may build on the success or not of similar previous interventions)
� Critically evaluate the factors (social, cultural, economic etc..) that might impact on the success or otherwise of your intervention.
� Discuss how you might evaluate/measure the success of your intervention.
� Conclusions and Recommendations ( at least 4 recommendations )

Ready Paper Excerpt

Introduction

Cholera is a disease within the small intestine that results from the bacterium, Vibrio cholerae. The effects of the disease have produced considerable impacts within the global society. Globally, the disease infects between three and five million people and leads to 100,000-130,000 deaths every year (Aberth, 2011). One of the largest groups affected by the disease is Children under 6 Years group. As such, it is important to develop a proposed health intervention that will mitigate the impact of cholera on children under 6 years (Vinten-Johansen, 2003: 36).

Causes of Cholera:-

In England, John Snow became the first individual to recognize contaminated water as the major cause of the disease in 1854 (Vinten-Johansen, 2003: 77). However, the proximate cause of the disease is the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Causation usually occurs through faecal contamination of ingesting substances, mainly water and food. Interestingly the bacterium possesses the capability of living naturally in any type of surrounding regardless of the occurring nature (Skovgaard, 2008: 414). In an uninfected person, the fluid within foods and beverages moves from the lumen via the epithelial cells within the intestinal walls….

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